收录日期:2019/06/20 13:42:05 时间:2010-06-22 20:33:49 标签:python,datetime

Is there a good method to convert a string representing time in the format of [m|h|d|s|w] (m= minutes, h=hours, d=days, s=seconds w=week) to number of seconds? I.e.

def convert_to_seconds(timeduration):
    ...

convert_to_seconds("1h")
-> 3600

convert_to_seconds("1d")
-> 86400

etc?

Thanks!

Yes, there is a good simple method that you can use in most languages without having to read the manual for a datetime library. This method can also be extrapolated to ounces/pounds/tons etc etc:

seconds_per_unit = {"s": 1, "m": 60, "h": 3600, "d": 86400, "w": 604800}

def convert_to_seconds(s):
    return int(s[:-1]) * seconds_per_unit[s[-1]]

I recommend using the timedelta class from the datetime module:

from datetime import timedelta

UNITS = {"s":"seconds", "m":"minutes", "h":"hours", "d":"days", "w":"weeks"}

def convert_to_seconds(s):
    count = int(s[:-1])
    unit = UNITS[ s[-1] ]
    td = timedelta(**{unit: count})
    return td.seconds + 60 * 60 * 24 * td.days

Internally, timedelta objects store everything as microseconds, seconds, and days. So while you can give it parameters in units like milliseconds or months or years, in the end you'll have to take the timedelta you created and convert back to seconds.

In case the ** syntax confuses you, it's the Python apply syntax. Basically, these function calls are all equivalent:

def f(x, y): pass

f(5, 6)
f(x=5, y=6)
f(y=6, x=5)

d = {"x": 5, "y": 6}
f(**d)